Books and Articles

Asai, Susan Miyo. “Transformations of Tradition: Three Generations of Japanese American Music Making.” The Musical Quarterly 79 (1995): 429–53.

Atkins, E. Taylor. Blue Nippon: Authenticating Jazz in Japan. Durham: Duke UP, 2001.

Combs, Jo Anne. “Japanese-American Music and Dance in Los Angeles, 1930–1942.” Selected Reports in Ethnomusicology Volume VI: Asian Music in North America. Ed. Nazir A. Jairazbhoy and Sue Carole De Vale. Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1985. 121–49.

_____. “The Japanese O-Bon Festival and Bon Odori: Symbols in Flux.” Master’s thesis. University of California, Los Angeles, 1979.

Feather, Leonard. “Giants of Jazz: Miscellaneous Instruments.” International Musician July 1966: 7+.

Gilman, Sander L. Difference and Pathology: Stereotypes of Sexuality, Race, and Madness. Ithaca: Cornell UP, 1985.

Hayward, Philip, ed. Widening the Horizon: Exoticism in Post-War Popular Music. Sydney: Libbey, 1999.

Hosokawa, Shuhei. “Blacking Japanese: Experiencing Otherness from Afar.” Popular Music Studies. Ed. David Hesmondhalgh and Keith Negus. London: Arnold, 2002. 223–37.

_____. “Soy Sauce Music: Haruomi Hosono and Japanese Self-Orientalism.” Widening the Horizon: Exoticism in Post-War Popular Music. Sydney: Libbey, 1999. 114–44.

Houston, Jeanne Wakatsuki and James. D. Houston, Farewell to Manzanar. New York: Bantam, 1973.

Kang, Laura Hyun Yi. Compositional Subjects: Enfiguring Asian/American Women. Durham: Duke UP, 2002.

Keats, Mark. “Ear to the Ground.” Sports Journal May 9, 1947.

Klein, Christina. Cold War Orientalism: Asia in the Middlebrow Imagination, 1945–1961. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2003.

Kurashige, Lon. Japanese American Celebration and Conflict: A History of Ethnic Identity and Festival, 1934–1990. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2002.

Lam, Joseph S. C. “Embracing ‘Asian American Music’ as an Heuristic Device.” Journal of Asian American Studies 2 (1999): 29–60.

Lanza, Joseph. Elevator Music: A Surreal History of Muzak, Easy-Listening, and Other Moodsong. New York: Picador, 1994.

Lucraft, Howard. “Tak Shindo: Hollywood Film Composers.” Crescendo and Jazz Music Aug.–Sept. 2000: 25.

Malm, William P. Japanese Music and Musical Instruments. Rutland, VT: Charles E. Tuttle, 1959.

Monson, Ingrid. Saying Something: Jazz Improvisation and Interaction. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1996.

Murase, Ichiro Mike. Little Tokyo: One Hundred Years in Pictures. Los Angeles: Visual Communications/Asian American Studies Central, 1983.

Okihiro, Gary Y. Margins and Mainstreams: Asians in American History and Culture. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1994.

“Program to Tell Story of Japanese Culture.” Los Angeles Times Aug. 11, 1960: 15.

Russell, John G. “Race and Reflexivity: The Black Other in Contemporary Japanese Mass Culture.” Contemporary Japan and Popular Culture. Ed. John Whittier Treat. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1996. 17–40.

Schuller, Gunther. “Third Stream.” Grove Music Online. Ed. L. Macy. Aug. 12, 2003 <http:///>.

Sheppard, W. Anthony. “Singing Sayonara: Musical Representations of Japan in 1950s Hollywood Film.” Forthcoming.

_____. “An Exotic Enemy: Anti-Japanese Musical Propaganda in World War II Hollywood.” Journal of the American Musicological Society 54 (2001): 303–357.

Shindo, Tak. “Japanese Music Today.” Film Music Sept.–Oct. 1952: 21–22.

Sturken, Marita. “Absent Images of Memory: Remembering and Reenacting the Japanese Internment.” Perilous Memories: The Asia-Pacific War(s). Ed. T. Fujitani, Geoffrey M. White, and Lisa Yoneyama. Durham: Duke UP, 2001.

“Tak Shindo.” Space Age Pop. April 13, 2000 <>.

Takahashi, Jere. Nisei/Sansei: Shifting Japanese American Identities and Politics. Philadelphia: Temple UP, 1997.

Takaki, Ronald. Strangers from a Different Shore: A History of Asian Americans. Boston: Back Bay, 1998.

Unrau, Harlan D. The Evacuation and Relocation of Persons of Japanese Ancestry During World War II: A Historical Study of the Manzanar War Relocation Center. United States Department of the Interior, National Park Service, 1996.

Wang, Oliver. “Between the Notes: Finding Asian America in Popular Music.” American Music 19 (2001): 439–465.

Waseda, Minako. “Japanese American Musical Culture in Southern California: Its Formation and Transformation in the 20th Century.” Diss. University of California, Santa Barbara, 2000.

Waxman, Franz. Memo to Ray Heindorf. May 27, 1957. Warner Bros. Archives. University of Southern California. Correspondence files, Sayonara folder no. 1058.

“Westward the Wagons.” Time Dec. 15, 1958: 52.

Wong, Deborah. “The Asian American Body in Performance.” Music and the Racial Imagination. Ed. Ronald Radano and Philip V. Bohlman. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2000. 57–94.

Wu, Frank H. Yellow: Race in America Beyond Black and White. New York: Basic, 2002.

Yang, Mina. “Orientalism and the Music of Asian Immigrant Communities in California, 1924–1945.” American Music 19 (2001): 385–416.

Yoo, David K. Growing Up Nisei: Race, Generation, and Culture among Japanese Americans of California, 1924–49. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2000.

Yoshida, George. Reminiscing in Swingtime: Japanese in American Popular Music: 1925–1960. San Francisco: National Japanese American Historical Society, 1997.

Yu, Henry. Thinking Orientals: Migration, Contact, and Exoticism in Modern America. New York: Oxford UP, 2001.

Films, TV Programs, Radio Programs

China Nights.
Dir. Osamu Fushimizu. Toho (Japan), 1940.

Come See the Paradise
. Dir. Alan Parker. 20th Century-Fox, 1990.

Cry for Happy
Dir. George Marshall. Columbia Pictures, 1961.

Encounter with the Past.
Tak Shindo, 1980.

Escapade in Japan
Dir. Arthur Lubin. RKO, 1957.

“The Japanese Drama.” CBS Radio Workshop. April 7 and 14, 1957.

A Majority of One.
Dir. Mervyn LeRoy. Warner Bros., 1962.

My Geisha.
Dir. Jack Cardiff. Paramount, 1962.

“The Sakae Ito Story.” Wagon Train. NBC. Dec. 3, 1958.

Dir. Joshua Logan. Warner Bros., 1957.

Stopover Tokyo.
Dir. Richard L. Breene. 20th Cenutry-Fox, 1957.

“Tak Shindo.” Hanashi Oral History Program. Go for Broke Educational Foundation. Gardena, CA. 2000.

Tokyo Joe.
Dir. Stuart Heisler. Columbia, 1949.

Sound Recordings

Denny, Martin. Exotica. LP. Liberty LST 7034, 1959.

_____. Forbidden Island.
LP. Liberty LST 7001, 1958.

_____. Hypnotique.
LP. Liberty LST 7102, 1959.

_____. Primativa.
LP. Liberty LST 7023, 1958.

_____. Quiet Village.
LP. Liberty LST 7122, 1959.

_____. Sayonara. LP. Sunset SUS-5169, 1970.

Hampton, Lionel. East Meets West. LP. Glad Hamp GHLP 1007, 1964.

Hawaiian Nisei Songs: A Musical Cocktail of Japanese American Songs in 1950’s Hawaii. Cord International/Hana Ola HOCD 36000, 2000.

Mark, Paul. East to West. LP. Imperial 9120.

_____. Golden Melodies from Japan. LP. Imperial 12075.

Sayonara Farewell Tokyo: Souvenir Songs of Japan. Club Nisei Orchestra and Singers. LP. 49th State Hawaii Record Co. 3450, c. 1950.

Shindo, Tak. Accent on Bamboo. LP. Capitol ST 1433, 1960.

_____. Brass and Bamboo
LP. Capitol ST 1345, 1960.

_____. Far East Goes Western.
LP. Mercury PPS 2031, 1968.

_____. Mganga. LP. Edison International CL 5000, 1958.

_____. Sea of Spring. LP. Grand Prix GPM1, 1966.

Previous 1 2 3 4

Works Cited Appendix














Review Essay

Write to Echo
Join mailing list
How to cite Echo